Head Of Mission

Message From The Head Of Mission

As the Charge d’ affaires en titre/Head of Mission of the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Damascus I would like to take this opportunity to extend my warm greetings to all visitors of our website. With this website, the Embassy’s services will be readily accessible to you including up to date information about Nigeria, downloading of various forms like the Registration and Visa forms.


With this website, the Embassy’s services will be readily accessible to you including up to date information about Nigeria, downloading of various forms like the Registration and Visa forms.

Embassy Staff

RUFUS U. EFFIONG روفوس أفيونغ

Counsellor/Head Of Chancery مستشار/رئيس الديوان

MACHIR MARY MIRI ماشير ماري ميري

Finance Attaché ملحق مالي

MICHAEL NTEGWUILE ميشيل نتيغويلي

Admin. Attaché ملحق إداري

MICHAEL OMILE ميشيل أوميلي

Admin Attaché ملحق إداري



Past Head of Mission

RUFUS U. EFFIONG روفوس أفيونغ

Counsellor/Head Of Chancery مستشار/رئيس الديوان

MACHIR MARY MIRI ماشير ماري ميري

Finance Attaché ملحق مالي

MICHAEL NTEGWUILE ميشيل نتيغويلي

Admin. Attaché ملحق إداري

MICHAEL OMILE ميشيل أوميلي

Admin Attaché ملحق إداري



The Federal Republic of Nigeria


Area: 923,766 sq.km.

Population: 180 million (estimate)

Capital: Abuja

Government: Three-tier structure - A Federal Government, 36 State Governments, 774 Local Government Administrations

Official Language: English

Main Indigenous Languages: Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba

Main Religions: Christianity, Islam, Traditional

Main Commercial/Industrial Cities: Lagos, Onitsha, Kano, Ibadan, Port Harcourt, Aba, Maiduguri, Jos, Kaduna, Warri, Benin, Nnewi

Major Industrial Complexes: Refineries and Petro-Chemicals: Kaduna, Warri, Port Harcourt, Eleme. Iron and Steel: Ajaokuta, Warri, Oshogbo, Katsina, Jos. Fertilizer: Onne- Port Harcourt, Kaduna, Minna, Kano Liquified Natural Gas : Bonny Aluminium Smelter: Ikot Abasi, Port Harcourt

Main Ports: Lagos (Apapa, Tin-can Island), Warri, Port Harcourt, Onne Deep Sea and Hub Port, Calabar (EPZ)

Main Airports: Lagos, Kano, Port Harcourt, Abuja, Enugu, Kaduna, Maiduguri, Ilorin, Jos, Owerri, Calabar, Yola, Sokoto

Road Network: Over 15,000 km of intercity all weather paved roads, including dual carriage express trunks.

Railways: 2 main lines (South-West to North-East; South-East to North-West) inter-linked and terminatory at Lagos, Port Harcourt, Kaura Namoda, Maiduguri and Nguru. Major junctions at Kaduna, Kafanchan, Zaria. Gauge: 1067mm; Total length 3505 route km.

Energy: Hydro-electric: Kainji, Jebba, Shiroro. Thermal and Gas: Egbin (Lagos), Ughelli, Afam, Sapele, National grid for electricity distribution; National pipeline network with regional depots for petroleum products distribution; National network (pipeline) for distribution of gas (under construction)

Currency: NAIRA and KOBO N1.00 = l00k (one naira = hundred kobo)

For more download this file:History And People

Facts About Nigeria

  • Nigeria is Africa’s most populous country and the tenth largest by population. It is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups, there are three major groups being Hausa-Fulani, Igbo and Yoruba.
  • Nigeria lies within three climatic and geographical types; equatorial in the Southern reaches, tropical in the Central area and arid in the North fringe giving rise to rain forest, savanna, and desert vegetations respectively.
  • Nigeria is a leading petroleum producer of petroleum product and exporter (produces 2.8 million barrels per day). It is the 10th largest producer of petroleum in the world and the 6th largest in OPEC.
  • Nigeria is the ninth world’s largest proven natural gas (estimated 180 billion cubic feet of proven natural gas) and petroleum reserves and is a founding member of Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

  • Nigeria is the ninth world’s largest proven natural gas (estimated 180 billion cubic feet of proven natural gas) and petroleum reserves and is a founding member of Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
  • Nigerian agricultural products include groundnuts, palm oil, cocoa, coconuts, citrus fruits, maize, millet, cassava, yams and sugar cane.
  • Nigeria also has a booming leather and textile industry, with industries located in Kano, Abeokuta, Kaduna, Onitsha and Lagos.

The reform efforts of the Goodluck Jonathan government are in the underlisted areas which are the sin qua non for Nigerian industrialization. These are:

  • Rehabilitation of basic national physical infrastructures;

  • Implementation of fundamental economic reconstruction and restructuring which include divesting of government interest in key companies and parastatals;
  • Enhancing the role and capacity of the private sector;
  • Creating the necessary investment climate at the domestic level to attract Foreign Direct investment (FDI);
  • Liberalization and deregulation of the downstream sector of the oil industry;
  • Development of small and medium scale enterprises as anchor for industrial growth and provision of employment for Nigeria’s teeming population;
  • Re-engineering the Nigerian social system;
  • Re-organizing the machinery of governance to achieve high competence, transparency and accountability;
  • Budgetary, banking and fiscal policy reforms.


    Nigeria is situated in the West African region and lies between longitudes 3 degrees and 14 degrees and latitudes 4 degrees and 140 degrees. It has a land mass of 923,768 sq.km.. It is bordered to the north by the Republics of Niger and Tchad. It shares borders to the west with the Republic of Benin, while the Republic of Cameroun shares the eastern borders right down to the shores of the Atlantic Ocean which forms the southern limits of Nigerian Territory. The about 800km of coastline confers on the country the potentials of a maritime power. Land is in abundance in Nigeria for agricultural, industrial and commercial activities.


    Temperatures across the country is relatively high with a very narrow variation in seasonal and diurnal ranges (22-36t). There are two basic seasons; wet season which lasts from April to October; and the dry season which lasts from November till March. The dry season commences with Harmattan, a dry chilly spell that lasts till February and is associated with lower temperatures, a dusty and hazy atmosphere brought about by the North-Easterly winds blowing from the Arabian peninsula across the Sahara; the second half of the dry season, February - March, is the hottest period of the year when temperatures range from 33 to 38 degrees centigrade. The extremes of the wet season are felt on the southeastern coast where annual rainfall might reach a high of 330cm; while the extremes of the dry season, in aridity and high temperatures, are felt in the north third of the country.


    In line with the rainfall distribution, a wetter south and a drier northern half, there are two broad vegetation types: Forests and Savanna. There are three variants of each, running as near parallel bands east to west across the country. Forests Savanna Saline water swamp Guinea Savanna Fresh water swamp Sudan Savanna Tropical (high) evergreen Sahel Savanna


    There is also the mountain vegetation of the isolated high plateau regions on the far eastern extremes of the country (Jos, Mambilla, Obudu).

    The savanna, especially Guinea and Sudan, are the major grains, grasses, tubers, vegetable and cotton growing regions.

    The Tropical evergreen rain forest belt bears timber production and forest development, production of cassava; and plantation growing of fruit trees - citrus, oil palm, cocoa, rubber, among others.


    Nigeria is famous for her huge population of about 180 million people - the largest national population on the African continent. This population is made up of about 374 pure ethnic stocks. Three of them, Hausa, Ibo and Yoruba are the major groups and constitute over 40 per cent of the population. In fact, about 10 ethnic linguistic groups constitute more than 80% of the population: the other large groups are Tiv, Ibibio, Ijaw, Kanuri, Nupe, Gwari, Igala, Jukun, Idoma, Fulani, Edo, Urhobo and Ijaw. The gender divide of Nigeria's population, as indicated by the last census in 1991, reflects an unusual inbalance in favour of male dominance; 51% male: 49% female.

    However, the more critical population indices concern

    • High growth rate - 3.2%; this is affected by decreased infant mortality and high fertility.
    • High school age population - over 47% are 15 years and below
    • High child dependency ratio - one dependant to one worker for the working age group 25-65.
    • Large work force - working age group 15-59 is over 40 per cent of the population.

    Due to a massive expansion in the educational sector in the last two decades, the coloration and quality of the Nigerian work force has changed to include a large corps of highly trained personnel in mechanical, civil, electrical, electronics, chemical and petroleum engineering and biotechnics.

    There are at present over 30 Federal and State Universities, some of them specialist -Technology and Agriculture. In addition there are at least 20 Federal and State Polytechnics. Over 70,000 graduates in various disciplines from these institutions every year. Disciplines, apart from pure sciences, engineering and technologies, include social sciences, business studies (management, banking and finance), architecture, environment and urban management studies. Also, a sizeable Nigerian population has been and is being trained outside the country, in some of the best colleges in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Russia, Japan and China.

    Every year, about 2,000 of these Nigerians return home to seek employment or accommodation within the economy.

    For the less skilled and unskilled labour, the country depends on the primary and secondary school systems whose annual enrolments are over 3.5 million and 1.5 million, respectively.


    Nigeria, in addition to its huge population is endowed with significant agricultural, mineral, marine and forest resources. Its multiple vegetation zones, plentiful rain, surface water and underground water resources and moderate climatic extremes, allow for production of diverse food and cash crops. Over 60 per cent of the population is involved in the production of the food crops such as cassava, maize, rice, yams, various beans and legumes, soya, sorghum, ginger, onions, tomatoes, melons and vegetable.

    The main cash crops are cocoa, cotton, groundnuts, oil palm and rubber. Extractions from these for export and local industrial use include cocoa flour and butter, rubber crumb, vegetable oil, cotton fibre and yarn. The rain forests have been well exploited for timber and wood products of exotic and popular species.

    Oil and Gas, by value, are the most important minerals. They are exploited and produced in the Niger Delta basin and off-shore on the continental shelf and in the deep-sea of the territorial waters. Nevertheless, there are significant non-oil mineral deposits on land many of which have been identified and evaluated: coal, iron ore, gypsum, kaolin, phosphates, lime -stone, marble, columbine, barite and gold.


    The Federal Republic of Nigeria consists of thirty-six states, and the administrative headquarters and capital city is Abuja located in the Federal Capital Territory, which is geographically situated in the middle of the country.

    Effective participation in governance by all adults is assured through the sharing of powers, revenue and responsibilities between the three tiers of government, i.e. the Federal Government, the State Governments and the various Local and Federal Capital Territory Abuja FCT.

    For more download this file:Government & POLITICS


    With a population of over 180 million people, Nigeria is obviously the largest market in sub Saharan Africa with reasonably skilled and potential manpower for the efficient and effective management of investment projects within the country. It is well connected by a wide network of motorable all-season roads, railway tracks, inland waterways, maritime and air transportation.

    Nigeria's economy could be aptly described as most promising. It is a mixed economy and accommodates all, individuals, corporate organisations and government agencies, to invest in almost all range of economic activities.
    since 1955 Nigeria is classified as a mixed economy emerging market, and has already reached lower middle income status according to the World Bank, with its abundant supply of natural resources, well-developed financial, legal, communications, transport sectors and stock exchange (the Nigerian Stock Exchange), which is the second largest in Africa.

    Nigeria was ranked 30th in the world in terms of GDP (PPP) in 2012. Nigeria is the United States' largest trading partner in sub-Saharan Africa and supplies a fifth of its oil (11% of oil imports). It has the seventh-largest trade surplus with the US of any country worldwide. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) projected economic growth of 9% in 2008 and 8.3% in 2009. The IMF further projects an 8% growth in the Nigerian economy in 2011.

    In February 2011, Citigroup projected that Nigeria would have the highest average GDP growth in the world between 2010–2050. Nigeria is one of two countries from Africa among 11 Global Growth Generators countries.

    Previously, economic development had been hindered by years of military rule, corruption, and mismanagement. The restoration of democracy and subsequent economic reforms have successfully put Nigeria back on track towards achieving its full economic potential. As of 2014 it is the largest economy in Africa, having overtaken South Africa.

    During the oil boom of the 1970s, Nigeria accumulated a significant foreign debt to finance major infrastructural investments. With the fall of oil prices during the 1980s oil glut Nigeria struggled to keep up with its loan payments and eventually defaulted on its principal debt repayments, limiting repayment to the interest portion of the loans. Arrears and penalty interest accumulated on the unpaid principal, which increased the size of the debt. After negotiations by the Nigeria authorities, in October 2005 Nigeria and its Paris Club creditors reached an agreement under which Nigeria repurchased its debt at a discount of approximately 60%. Nigeria used part of its oil profits to pay the residual 40%, freeing up at least $1.15 billion annually for poverty reduction programmes. Nigeria made history in April 2006 by becoming the first African country to completely pay off its debt (estimated $30 billion) owed to the Paris Club.

    Nigeria is trying to reach the first of the Sustainable Development Goals, which is to end poverty in all its forms by 2030. Government officials have not taken official action to reach this. One of the many options to reach this would be to reduce the corruption levels within the state


    Prior to 1999, the major problem of the health sector in Nigeria was identified to be the mortality rate among women and children due to preventable diseases, undernourishment, communication of under five years, as well as inadequate and decaying health facilities. These problems were further compounded, over the years, by inadequate funding, due to competing needs of other sectors such as education, housing, agriculture etc.

    However, the Federal Government rose to the occasion to stem the tide. The National Program on Immunization was established to take care of the high mortality rate among children, and eradicate communicable and vaccine-preventable diseases, and it has been highly successful.

    Specific days of the year have been set aside by the Government, during which health officials go from house to house to immunize children against major childhood diseases.

    Moreover, the immunizations are readily available at various hospitals and health centers, at no cost to parents. The Government was assisted in this regard by many Non-Governmental Organizations and International Agencies. The Rotary International, for example committed millions of dollars to the project known as “Kick Polio out of Africa” campaign, the positive result of which has been tremendous.


    Other measures the Government took to enhance the quality of health of Nigerians were the establishment of the National Action Committee on Aids (NACA) to combat the HIV/AIDS scourge, the National Foods and Drugs Administration and Control (NAFDAC) which has brought international recognition to Nigeria.

    The Government has equally set up the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) which is designed to make health-care affordable for all citizens by making everyone contribute to the healthcare system, instead of putting the whole burden on Government.

    To sustain improvements in health-care delivery, attention was paid to the expansion and strengthening of the primary health care system throughout the country. Family and reproductive health services were strengthened, with particular emphasis on fighting HIV/AIDS and other sexually-transmitted diseases, as well as malaria. Rehabilitation of strategic Teaching and Specialist Hospitals were affected.



    Nigeria’s current industrial policy thrust is anchored on a guided de-regulation of the economy and Government’s dis-engagement from activities which are private-sector oriented, leaving Government to play the role of facilitator, concentrating on the provision of incentives policy and infrastructure that are necessary to enhance the private sector’s role as the engine of growth. The industrial policy was intended to:

    • generate productive employment and raise productivity;
    • increase export of locally manufactured goods;
    • create a wider geographical dispersal of industries;
    • improve the technological skills and capability available in the country;
    • increase the local content of industrial output by looking inward for the supply of basic and intermediate inputs;
    • attract  foreign direct investment;
    • increase private sector participation.

    The Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Acts which hitherto regulated the extent and limits of foreign participation in diverse sectors of the economy were repealed in 1995. The principal laws regulating foreign investments now are, the Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission Decree and the Foreign Exchange (Monitoring and Miscellaneous Provisions) Decree, both enacted in 1995.

    Given the need to stabilize the banking and finance sectors, and promote confidence in these vital institutions, the Failed Banks (Recovery of Debts) and Financial Malpractices in Banks decrees of 1994 were put in place. The Investment and Securities Decree was also promulgated to update and consolidate capital market laws and regulations into a single code.

    Under the Privatisation and Commercialisation law of 1988, the government successfully sold its holdings in industrial enterprises and financial institutions, and such divestments were made by way of “Offers for Sale” on the floors of the Exchange, so that ultimate shareholdings in such enterprises could be widespread. However, government retained full control of the public utility service corporations.

    From 1997,the Nigerian Governmant had introduced measures to repeal of all existing laws that inhibit competition in certain sectors of the Nigeria economy. Consequently, with the promulgation of the Public Enterprises Promotion and Commercialisation Decree in 1998, private sector investors (including non-Nigerians) were free to participate in and compete with government-owned public utility service corporations in the areas of telecommunications, electricity generation, exploration of petroleum, export refineries, coal and bitumen exploration, hotel and tourism.

    As a policy objective, the liberalization and deregulation of the exchange control regime was designed to facilitate and enhance trading activities. Items on the import prohibition list have been drastically reduced, with government opting to utilise tariff structures to protect end-user product pricing of local industries and discourage frivolous imports. In 1998, the import prohibition list was reduced to 11 items namely: maize, sorghum, millet, wheat flour, vegetable oils (excluding linseed and castor oils used as industrial raw materials), barites and bentonites, gypsum, mosquito repellent coils, domestic articles and wares made of plastic materials (excluding babies’ feeding bottles), retreaded / used tyres, gaming machines.

    Culture and Tourism


    Because of the great diversity of people and culture, Nigeria has distinguished herself over the centuries in the field of arts. Nigerian versatility in art is so great that it is generally felt that all African nations should view Nigeria as the principal trustee of the most durable fruits of black artistic genius. It is not precisely known when the first works of Nigerian art reached the outside world, but in 1897, following a British punitive expedition to Benin, over 2,000 Benin bronzes and ivories were shipped to England and later dispersed all over Europe and America.

    The oldest sculptures found in Nigeria were from the Southern Zaria and Benue areas of central Nigeria. They consist of terracotta figures and figurines made by a people who achieved a high degree of cultural sophistication. These sculptures, together with other cultural elements, have been named the Nok Culture. Evidence shows the Nok people had knowledge of iron smelting and adorned themselves with tin and stone beads, earrings, noserings and bracelets. The Nok Culture is dated between 500 B.C. and 200 A.D.

    The next known phase of Nigerian cultural evolution was Igbo Ukwu bronze casting. Found in the small village of Igbo-Ukwu, near Awka, the casts date from the 9th Century A.D. They first came to light in 1938 and consist of staff heads, crowns, breastplates, pendants, ornaments, anklets, wristlets and chains.About the same time the Igbo-Ukwu people were casting bronze, the ancient Ife people were also producing works in bronze, copper, and terracotta. In the first quarter of this Century, Ife works caused a great stir among world art critics and historians who were unaccustomed to such naturalism in African art. The best known Nigerian artworks are the Benin Antiquities. Legend recounts how the Benin people learned the art of bronze casting from Ile-Jfe around 1400 A.D. Oba Ogunta, the sixth King of Benin, is credited with having encouraged this art in Benin.

    Nigeria's cultural heritage is woven from threads of history and diversity, legend and conquest. Tourists visiting the country will gain insights to a glorious past as well as a promising future,

    set amid the natural beauty of this diverse country. From rain forests in the south, broad savanna woodlands in the center to a semi-desert region in the north, Nigeria offers a remarkable range of physical beauty in her land and hospitality of her people, ready to be enjoyed by the tourist fortunate enough to choose this land of ancient empires as their travel destination.

    Nigeria is a vast country with a population of about 120 people covering about 923,768 sq.km of landmass, located wholly within the tropics. The country aptly described as the 'Giant of Africa' is richly endowed with ecological and cultural resources, which are of universal recognition. The richness and diversity of the Nigeria culture is a manifestation of the socio-cultural differences of the over 250 ethnic groups that inhabit the land for ages.

    Tourism is one of the growing sectors the Nigerian economy. The industry was accorded priority status in 1990 when the National Tourism Policy was launched. The main thrust of Government policy on tourism was to generate foreign exchange earnings, create employment opportunities, promote rural enterprises and national integration among other things.

    Nigeria's Appeal To Tourists

    Nigeria offers a wide variety of tourist attractions such as extended and roomy river and ocean beaches ideal for swimming and other water sports, unique wildlife, vast tracts of unspoiled nature ranging from tropical forest, magnificent waterfalls, some new rapidly growing cities and climatic conditions in some parts particularly conducive to holidaying. Other attractions include traditional ways of life preserved in local customs; rich and varied handicrafts and other colourful products depicting or illustrative of native arts and lifestyle, and the authentic unsophisticated but friendly attitude of many in the Nigerian population. However, many of these attractions are still largely untapped and even at their raw states, they are still being enjoyed by few outsiders, either very rich visitors in quest of exoticism or adventurous people in search of new challenges and experiences. The lack of required modern infrastructural facilities and in some parts of the country acute conditions of underdevelopment and poverty can be seen which many potential Nigeria bound tourist may not like to be confronted with.

    These are impediments to tourism, which the new administration has been tackling since assumption of office. Investors, both foreign and local are therefore called upon to come and invest in the abundant tourism potentials in the country.
    The richness and diversity of Nigeria's tourism resources coupled with economic liberalisation policies will provide investment opportunities in various areas as follows:

    • Heritage/Cultural Tourism Resources Development of slave trade relics
    • Establishment of museums and preservation of monuments
    • Wildlife Tourism Resources
    • Development of hiking trails and Jeep tracks in the national parks
    • Development of picnic and camping sites at strategic locations within the trail circuit system in the national parks
    • Building of tourist lodges
    • Building of reception centres at Natural/Physical Attractions

  • Provision of cable bus system to take tourist through the very rugged but scenic terrain of the mountains especially in Kanyang, Obudu and Mambilla Plateau Construction of lodge cabins for expedition tourist and rangers.
  • Establishment of hotels and resorts near waterfalls, springs, caves and temperateclimate areas such as Obudu, jos and Mambila Plateau.
  • Beach Tourism potentials Establishment of boating and sport fishing facilities
  • Development of water transportation Provision of educational facilities for water skiing and swimming
  • Establishment of holiday resorts along the coasts.
  • Development of Amusement parks, entertainment facilities and shopping services
  • Development of arts and crafts which constitute symbol of the people's cultural values and love for nature.
  • Places To Visit In Nigeria



    The Yankari National Park is the premier game reserve in Nigeria. Yankari Park and Wikki Warm Springs are located around the Gagi River, approximately 1 1/2 hours by road, southeast of Bauchi Town. The beauty and size of The Yankari Game Reserve make it the most pop­ular reserve in Nigeria. Set up in 1956 and opened to the public in 1962, the main game-viewing areas of the reserve are open all year round. Japanese, Western Europeans, Americans and Southeast Asian tourists visit this park in abundance. The reserve covers 2,058 sq. km. of savanna wood­land and is well-stocked with elephants, baboons, waterbucks, bushbucks, oribi, crocodile, hippopotamus, roan antelope, buffalo and various types of monkeys. Lions are occasionally spotted as well, despite their natural cam­ouflage. The best time to visit is between November and May, when tourists are likely to see more game since the dense vegetation has dried out and the animals congregate around the rivers.

    The Wikki Warm Springs is one of the best features of the game reserves. Flood-lit at night, it is wonderful after a hot day’s game-viewing to relax in the warm water. The spring gushes out from under a cliff, where the water is at least 6 ft. deep, with a bathing area that extends for 600 ft. to an open area. The park is inhabited by a variety of birds, including the huge sad­dlebill stork, golliath heron, bateleur eagle, vultures, kingflshers, bee-eaters and more. It is excellent for serious bird-watchers.

    Other facilities include:

    Tennis courts, squash courts, a small museum in the reception area plus gas stations with convenience stores at Wikki Camp and Bauchi.


    It is advisable to make reservation during the holidays and weekends with Easter a particularly busy season. Reservations can be made at Durbar Hotel in Kaduna, Bauchi State House in Lagos and at the Zaranda Hotel in Bauchi. Or call Yankari Game Reserve at (069) 43-656.


    You can travel by road from Lagos to Abuja, where you make an overnight stop, then on to Jos and Bauchi, as it is a 2-day journey by car over well-maintained roads.


    Basic accommodations are available in chalets or rondavels. Also available are suites, double rooms and family chalets that include small kitchens. There are many other National Parks besides Yankari, as illustrated on the map. Notable ones include Mambilla, Gumti National Park, Cross River National Park, and Kainji Lake National Park.

    Mambilla Plateau



    The Mambilla Plateau, in the southeast corner of Taraba State, shares a border with Cameroon. A high grassland plateau averaging about 1800 meters, it is scenic, cool and a pleasant change from the heat and humidity of Lagos. Because the roads are still under construction, a sport utility vehicle or jeep is recom­mended and visitors should pack essentials, camping equipment and food. As an option, there are a few hotels on the plateau.

    The Park provides an attractive setting, well worth a visit. Mambilla has cattle ranches, tea plantations and rolling, grassy hills. It is different from the rest of Nigeria with regard to flora and fauna and is home to some rare species of birds and animals, especially at the Gashaka-Gumti National Park.


    There is a major road to Mambilla from Lagos, Benin City, Onitsha, Enugu, Otukpo, Yandev, Katsina Ala, Wukari, Mutum Biyu, Bali, Serti and Gembu. You can also fly into Yola Airport, then drive a few miles south to Mambilla.

    Gashaka-Gumti National Park



    This is a vast land of spectacular wilderness (6,000 sq. kin) in the southeast corner of Taraba State, adjoin­ing the Mambilla Plateau. Mostly mountainous, from 457 to 2407 meters, it contains Nigeria’s highest mountain, Chapal Waddi (2409m). It is the most ecologically diverse conservation area in the country and contains swaths of guinea savanna, gallery forest, moist forest, mountain forest and grassland. Many rivers flow through the park,

    including the Taraba, a major tributary of the River Benue. A wide variety of animal life can be found, including buffalo, roan ante­lope, chimpanzee, colobus monkey, hippopotamus, hyena, giant forest hog, lion and leopard.

    The park is a birdwatcher’s paradise with a wide variety of species, and there is excellent fishing in the River Kam. The reserve headquarters is in the Forest Rest Houses at Serti, on the main road between Bali and Mambilla Plateau.

    These rest houses provide self-catering accommodation at a small fee. The entrance to the park is about 15 km south of Serti. In the dry season, it is possible to drive to the former headquarters at Gashaka village, some 30 km from the entrance gate, where more self-catering accommodation is available. The park is best explored on foot and it is possible to hire game guards; guides and porters are available at Serti or in Gashaka village.

    Cross River National park



    The Cross River National Park was created from two existing forest reserves of Bashi-Okwango and Oban Forest Resveres.

    It is famous for its unique rain forest vegetation which, according to conservation experts, is some of the richest in Africa. This park contains the last remaining rain forest in Nigeria, which is being preserved with the help of the Nigerian Conservation Foundation. It has a herd of forest elephants, the white-faced monkey (indigenous to Nigeria only), buffalo, leopards and lowland gorillas, besides over a thousand other animal species

    The park has a tropical climate characterized by a rainy season between April and October and a dry season between November and April. The moist green vegetation cover makes the for­est an excellent place to see birds and butterflies.

    The Kainji National park



    This Park, in Kwara State, was established in 1979 and incorporates the Borgu Game Reserve and Zugurma Game Reserve to the southeast in Niger State.

    The Bourgu sector of the park alone covers an area of about of 3,929 sq. km. of savanna woodland, and Zugurma cover an area of about 1,370 sq. km.The Kainji National Park also contains the Kainji Dam, an artificial lake which covers the town of Old Bussa.

    Here Mungo Park, the explorer, was said to have come to grief in 1805. Now the lake hides the scene of the accident. The lake is 136 km long and tours of the dam are available on request from the Nigeria Electric Power Authority. Boat trips on the lake can be arranged by the Borgu Game Reserve office at Wawa. To reduce the expense, it is better for several visitors to share the cost. Fishing is allowed on the lake.

    More about tourism :Tourist Sites

    Business and Industry


    The Nigerian Government, led by President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, conscious of the over-dependence on Oil which constitutes about 95% of generated revenue, has embarked on many measures to give Nigeria a new lease of life.

    Doing Business in Nigeria

    All business enterprises must be registered with the Registrar-General of the Corporate Affairs Commission (Registrar of Companies). A foreign investor wishing to set up business operation in Nigeria should take all steps necessary to obtain local incorporation of the Nigerian branch or subsidiary.

    Investment in Nigeria

    The agricultural potential of Nigeria is barely being tapped and this explains the inability of the country to meet the ever increasing demand for agricultural produce. Although the agricultural sector remains a dominant employer of labour, serious investment is needed across board to enhance production and increase the contribution of the sector to GDP.

    Transport Sector

    Joint Venture & Investment Opportunities abound in the Transportation Sector.

    Investment Incentives in Nigeria

    As part of the efforts to provide an enabling environment that is conducive to the growth and development of industries, inflow of foreign direct investment (FDI), shield existing investments from unfair competition, and stimulate the expansion of domestic production capacity; the Federal Government of Nigeria has developed a package of incentives for various sectors of the economy. These incentives, it is hoped, will help revive the economy, accelerate growth and development and reduce poverty

    Business Opportunities


    Nigeria has attained a high level of good transportation system especially Airline and Road Transportation, investment opportunities are still needed in water recreation transportation and rail services.


    The hospitality sector of the tourism industry seems to be the most competitive area with the presence of starwood Hotel Groups, owners of Sheratons, Hilton, Le Meridien, Shangra Lai the Asian Hotel giant in restaurants and many

    Tour Operations

    Like the Europeans and Americas tour companies invaded the North, South and East Africa by having tour offices in these regions which enable them to market destinations in their home countries is lacking in the case of Nigeria.

    Any Company willing to do so for Nigeria will be highly welcome.local hotel and restaurant groups battling for a better share of the market.


    Meanwhile, most of Nigeria's beautiful beaches locations are still largely without accommodation facilities, which are targets for investors in most tourism destinations across the globe.

    Investment Climate

    Apart from the enormous potentials and investment opportunities in the Nigerian tourism sector, the country's investment climate at present is one of the most favourable in Africa for a number of reasons, among which is Political Stability.

    The enthronement of a viable democratic system, which guarantees political stability, improves international relation and respect for human rights would in various ways enhance investment opportunities in the country.

    Tourism Incentives

    The provision of incentives in the 1990 National Tourism Policy were also to enhance private sector participation.


    Tourism investment atmosphere in Nigeria is now conducive given the abundant resources available, large market, enthronement of enduring democracy, and a package of incentive put together by government. Foreign investors and other interested individuals should take these advantages to invest in the Nigerian tourism industry for sustainability and profitable returns.

    Tourism Investment Opportunities In Nigeria


    A Tourism policy was produced in 1990 with the basic objective of making Nigeria the ultimate tourism destination in Africa.

    The main thrust of government policy on tourism, is to generate foreign exchange, encourage even development, promote tourism based rural enterprises, generate employment and accelerate rural urban integration and cultural exchange.

    Due to the importance the Nigerian government attaches to the tourism industry, the following strategies were adopted:



    Government would ensure that the provision of basic infrastructural facilities, namely, good roads, water, electricity, communications and hotels, to centres of attraction, in order to accelerate their development for the purpose of exploiting fully their touristic value. In furtherance of this goal, the appropriate government agency responsible for tourism promotion and development, shall establish and maintain close laison with other government agencies responsible for the provision of the infrastructure.

    Concession of Land

    State governments will provide land without any hindrance for tourism development at concessional rates and conditions favourable to investment and the realisation of investment thereon. This will necessarily include the abolition of annual ground rent within the period of construction and development of tourism. For orderly development of tourism and tourism product, it is mandatory for all state governments to demarcate potential Tourism Zones and their products from other usage, to avoid undue pollution. 100% equity ownership of companies in Nigeria and repatriation of profits and dividends etc.

    Tourism Facilities

    To ensure the growth and development of tourism to international standards, government has put in place these following:

    • Embarked on a massive and aggressive publicity campaign in the country, on the potentials and significance of tourism. Available publicity organs of the government have been utilised.
    • Publicised and marketed the nations tourism potentials abroad, through Nigeria's diplomatic missions and the foreign media, international travel fairs and mails.
    • Simplified issuance of visas/entry permit to intending visitors, such that they can get it immediately on application. Tourists arriving our ports with return tickets, are also issued with visas on the spot.
    • Security agencies, including customs and immigration have been oriented to discharge their duties promptly to eliminate inconveniences by visitors at entry points.

    Fiscal and Other Incentives

    In order to boost the level of private sector investment in tourism, it is treated by government as a preferred sector, like agriculture. Government has also introduced such incentives as, tax holidays, tax rebate and soft loans, with long period of grace to potential investors in tourism.

    Institutional Arrangement of Tourism

    The government has put in place the following institutional frame-work.

    Patrol and Regulation of the Industry

    The government has enacted laws and regulations, which govern the activities of the categories of people involved in the industry, like hoteliers, travel agents, tour-operators, car hire services. This is to ensure that their conduct, is not detrimental to objectives of the industry and the security of the nation, as well as tourists.

    Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism

    The Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism has assumed full responsibility for policy initiation and monitoring, and maintains direct links with state governments on all tourism matters. However, the tourism industry is still fully dominated by states and local governments, where tourist attractions are situated.

    State Ministries

    State ministries implement policies and directories from the Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism, initiate projects and control land allocation and development of tourism in their respective areas. The states also regulate the operations of hotels and catering institutions in line with the federal government policy.

    Local Government Tourism Board

    These local organs were established to locate and identify potential tourist attractions in their areas. They serve as information centres and provide tourist guides. They also preserve and maintain monuments, as well as museums in their areas of jurisdiction.

    Summary of Investment Opportunities In Nigeria


    Investment opportunities exist within the following sub-sectors of the tourism industry:
    Beach and Coastal Resort development (Nigeria has over 700km of unpolluted sandy beaches). Conservation and Protection of 8 national parks and over 10 game reserves. Development of hotels and standard restaurants Transportation: water recreation, package tour services, air and rail services. Development of caves, tunnels, waterfalls and spring waters. Youth hostels, camps and centres Lake and River sport fishing. Scenic and Mountain Holiday resorts Theme/Amusement parks Conference/Congress Services Conservation and protection of endangered wildlife especially drill monkey, manatec, white throated monkey and pigmy hippo. Heritage, cultural and archaeological sites


    Economic & Invest/Opportunities


    Tremendous investment opportunities exist in the solid minerals sector. Mineral resources that are present in Nigeria but yet to be exploited are coal and tin. Other natural resources in the country include iron ore, limestone, niobium, lead and zinc


    The Companies Income Tax Act has been amended in order to encourage potential and existing entrepreneurs. The current rate in all sectors, except for petroleum, is 30 per cent.


    Tremendous investment opportunities exist in the solid minerals sector. Mineral resources that are present in Nigeria but yet to be exploited are coal and tin. Other natural resources in the country include iron ore, limestone, niobium, lead and zinc


    Nigeria also needs investment in Medicare, through establishment of hospitals, diagnostic centers or educational facilities for specialization.


    Educational investments; introducing private schools and exchange programmes


    Investment in infrastructure. This is a form of incentive granted to industries that provide facilities that ordinarily, should have been provided by government. Such facilities include access roads, pipe borne water and electricity. Twenty per cent (20%)of the cost of providing these infrastructural facilities, where they do exist, is tax deductable:

    • A pioneer industry sited in economically disadvantaged Local Government is entitled to 100% tax holiday for seven years and an additional 5% capital depreciation allowance over and above the initial capital depreciation allowance.
    • Among the incentives put in place by government to encourage investors in the electricity sector are holiday tax of 5-7 years granted to Companies that manufacture transformers, meters, control panel, switchgears, cable and other related equipments.

    Nigerian-Syria Cooperation

    Potentials for Nigerian-Syria Economic cooperation

    Diplomatic relations between the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Syrian Arab republic have always been cordial. Quite a sizeable number of Syrians (about 4000) live and earn their living in Nigeria. This is not surprising considering the fact that Nigeria and Syria have a lot in common. They are peace loving, oil producing and developing countries. The good political relationships between the two countries constitute a fertile ground for building better and moiré mutually rewarding partnership.

    Realizing the need to strengthen the mutual ties of friendship and understanding existing between the two countries, agreement were signed between them on December 10, 2008 on “Mutual Promotion and protection of investments” as well as on “Cultural , Educational and Scientific cooperation.”

    Realizing the need to strengthen the mutual ties of friendship and understanding existing between the two countries, agreement were signed between them on December 10, 2008 on “Mutual Promotion and protection of investments” as well as on “Cultural , Educational and Scientific cooperation.”
    To convert the cordial and friendly relations to economic benefits for the two countries and their citizens, there is need to effectively implement the various agreements for development cooperation. The only realistic approach to ensure that economic treaties translate to actual economic benefits is the mainstreaming of the private sector (the traders, business tycoons and manufacturers) in the bilateral relations between Nigeria and Syria. Relationship needs to go beyond government – to –government exchanges; there is need for more people-to- people interaction. There must therefore be a conscious effort to ensure commercial transactions and social interactions between the private sectors and civil societies of the two countries.
    It was against this backdrop that a private sector-driven Trade and investment Mission from Nigeria to Syria was been conceived.

    Nigeria is interested in exchanging experiences and partnering with Syria in the areas of education, Aviation, Renewable Energy, Agriculture, culture and Tourism and Environment.
    Nigeria is open and ready for mutually-beneficial trade and investment relations with other countries, particularly developing countries with similar development challenges and levels of technology. Nigeria’s economic fundamentals are strong. Despite the global economic recession, the capital market remains robust and resilient while the banking sector is healthy and virile.
    Apart from having substantial arable land for commercial agriculture, Nigeria is endowed with largely untapped abundant mineral resources.
    Given Nigeria’s Vision 2020-20, the country is willing and ready to partner with other countries in order to achieve her development objectives.
    Even the few development challenges (including that of inadequate power ( energy) supply and inefficient transportation infrastructure) are additional investment opportunities.

    Consular Sevices

    Her you can find all requiered information about counsular services in the Nigerian embassy in Syria

    Registration OF Nigerians

    To enable the Embassy provide more enhanced services to all our citizens, we are collating the list of all Nigerians in Syria. Please Click Here to download Database Registration form for completion and forwarding to the Embassy. Thank you for your cooperation.

    VISA Requirements

    Please download the VISA requirement file

    VISA Application

    Please download VISA Application Form file Click Here


    Procedures for E-Passport

    1. In the Passport menu, choose the E-Passport Application Form Option. If you have a Yahoo or Google account, you may use it to log into the system, otherwise select the Open ID option and create an account for the application process.
    2. Please complete the form and print. Thereafter, click on the Submit Button.
    3. Once the application has been successfully submitted, you will be provided with a Reference Number and Application ID. Please print it out, as you will need it later in the application process
    4. Click on the close button to continue the application process. At the bottom of the page, click on the Proceed to checkout button to begin the payment process
    5. On the Cart page, double check to make sure that name in the cart corresponds to the appropriate applicant. Click on the Proceed to Online Payment Button.
    6. Choose the credit card payment option or the money order payment option and click next. If the money order payment option is selected, please follow the on screen instructions for mailing the money order. Once the money order is received, you will receive a confirmation email. If the credit card option is used, allow 30 minutes for the payment to register, and proceed to the next step. For credit card payments, the applicant may only use his or her credit for payment of fees. No third party credit cards will be accepted.
    7. Once the payment confirmation email is received, go to
    8. In the application menu, click on the Query Your Application Payment Status option. Select E-Passport in the application menu and enter the Reference Number and Application ID. Click on the Search Record button. The next page will be the Online Application Confirmation page.
    9. On the Online Application Confirmation page, scroll to the bottom of the page and print the Payment Receipt and also print Application Confirmation. Attach these documents to the expired passport, or to the rest of the application documents (first issuance).
    10. The applicant should appear at the Nigerian Embassy Damascus on the appointment date, with his or her expired Nigerian passport and required documents. If the application is for a first issuance, and the applicant is under the age of sixteen, the following requirements must also be met.

    Requirements for First Issue of E-passport

    1. Passport Application form to be completed online and printed out
    2. Payment Slip print out upon completion of form online
    3. Acknowledgement Slip print out
    4. Photocopy of birth certificate from National Population Commission in Nigeria
    5. Photocopy of Local Government identification Letter
    6. Two current passport-size photographs with white background
    7. The Machine Readable Passport (MRP) ie the old Nigerian Passport is not acceptable as replacement or alternative for the Birth Certificate and Local  Government Identification Letter.

    Requirements for Renewal of E-Passport

    1. Passport Application form to be completed online and print out
    2. Payment Slip print out
    3. Acknowledgment Slip print out
    4. Applicant should come with the Expired Nigerian E-Passport
    5. Photocopy of Bio data page of E-Passport
    6. Two current passport-size photographs with white background

    Requirements for change of name via marriage

    1. Passport Application form to be completed online and printed out
    2. Payment Slip print out upon completion of Application form online
    3. Acknowledgment Slip print out
    4. Photocopy of Marriage certificate
    5. Consent Letter from Spouse (must be typed)
    6. Valid bio data page of passport of Spouse
    7. Newspaper publication in the national dailies for marriages done in Nigeria.
    8. Court affidavit of change of name via marriage.

    Requirement for Persons under the Age of 18 OR Minors

    Applicants under the age of 18 (eighteen) MUST provide the following requirements:

    1. Completed online application
    2. Acknowledgment Slip
    3. Payment Slip
    4. Copy of child’s birth certificate
    5. Letter of Consent jointly signed by child’s both parents must be typed
    6. Photocopies of the parents’ passports data page. One of the passport data pages must be a Nigerian Passport.
    7. Additional documents for single parents (proof of custody of the child/children)
    8. Child’s current two passport-size photographs preferably with white background, and
    9. Applicant will be required to appear in person for biometric

    Requirements for Replacement of Lost e-Passport

    1. Passport Application form to be completed online and printed out
    2. Payment Slip print out
    3. Acknowledgement Slip print out
    4. Police Report.
    5. Submission of completed online e-passport application form
    6. Two (2) passport-size photographs with white background
    7. Applicant should provide Passport Number of lost e-Passport.
    8. Applicant will be required to appear in person for biometric

    All passport applicants are required to be physically present on the appointment date specified on the payment confirmation receipt. If the applicant cannot be present on the appointment day, the applicant may reschedule another appointment. Applicants will only be able to reschedule the appointment after the initial appointment day has passed.

    Requirements for Pick-up

    1. An applicant will be required to present pick-up slip and the expired Nigerian Passport before receiving the E-Passport.

    Requirements for Proxy Pick-up

    1. Letter of Authorization duly signed by an applicant requesting proxy pick-up
    2. Valid I. D. card of authorized individual picking up Applicant’s passport
    3. Applicant’s pick up slip, and Applicant’s expired Nigerian Passport.



    Passport application and payment  are to be made through the Nigeria immigration website portal.immigration.gov.ng/pages/welcome..

    Emergency Travel Certificates

    1. Formal request letter for the Emergency Travel Certificate by the applicant. Include your current address and telephone number, please.
    2. Copy of Applicant’s bio-data page of Nigerian Passport OR a police report and birth certificate from the National Population Commission, if passport is decleared lost.
    3. Current two passport-sized photographs
    4. Copy of itinerary or airline ticket
    5. Non-refundable processing fee of hundred dollars ($100) in money order payable to the Embassy of Nigeria – Damascus Syria
    6. Self-Addressed return envelope

    Requirement for Persons under the Age of 18 OR Minors

    1. Copy of child’s birth certificate
    2. Letter of Consent jointly signed by child’s both parents must be typed
    3. Photocopies of the parents’ passports data page. One of the passport data pages must be a Nigerian Passport.
    4. Additional documents for single parents (proof of custody of the child/children)
    5. Child’s current two passport-size photographs preferably with white background
    6. Non-refundable processing fee of hundred dollars ($100) in money order payable to the Embassy of Nigeria – Damascus Syria.
    7. Copy of itinerary or airline ticket
    8. Self-Addressed return envelope

    NOTE: The Travel Document is valid for 30 days only and cannot be used to return to  Syria (one way journey).

    Driver's License

    Requirements for Obtaining Driver’s License Letter

    1. Formal request letter by the applicant for the driver’s license letter. Include your current address and telephone number, please
    2. Legible copy of the National Driver’s License as well as the original (to be sighted and returned to owner).
    3. Applicants are required to obtain certified driving records from the Federal Road Safety Commission.
    4. Self-Addressed return envelope
    5. $50.00 money order payable to the Embassy of Nigeria
    6. Copy of applicant’s Nigerian Passport data and stamped page showing last entry into Syria
    7. For inquiries please call the Nigerian embassy in Damascus.

    Student Status Verification

    We can help with verifying the status of a Nigerian student in Syria- Damascus. We require the following documentation to complete this process successfully:

    1. A completed copy of the Verification of Student Status and Fees Form
    2. Two (2) passport size photographs
    3. Photocopy of biodata page of Nigerian passport
    4. Photocopy of Immigration Status (Study Permit) in Syria.
    5. Original letter of admission from institution or evidence of enrollment
    6. Schedule of fees;
    7. Copy of Student ID card
    8. Administrative fee of C$20 Money Order payable to Nigerian Embassy in Damascus

    Burial Transit Permit

    The Federal Ministry of Health in Nigeria requires that formal request letter for a waiver addressed to Honourable Minister, Federal Ministry Health and  relevant documents regarding cause of death be forwarded through the High Commission to obtain repatriation waiver before human remains/corpes are taken to Nigeria.

    Items 1 to 9 are to be submitted in duplicate to the Embassy to facilitate the process.

    1. Formal request letter for a waiver addressed to The Honorable Minister, Federal Ministry of Health, Federal Secretariat Complex, Abuja. indicating the date of death, place of death, cause of death and Age.
    2. Burial Transit Permit
    3. Certification of Embalming & Preparation of Human Remains
    4. Notarized statement of the Funeral Director (stating that the casket contains only the remains of the deceased and nothing else).
    5. Medical Examiner’s Report (if applicable) if the deceased was killed
    6. Certificate for shipment of Body outside Syria
    7. Medical Certificate of death
    8. Statement of death
    9. Notarized copy of Death Certificate
    10. Certification of Vital Record regarding communicable/non communicable disease(s) – [this is to state whether or not the deceased had contagious disease.  If so, the type of disease should be stated in this document].
    11. Processing fee of $20 per document payable to the Embassy of Nigeria in form of money order only
    12. For inquiries please call The Embassy in Damascus.
    13. International waiver fee of five thousand naira only(#5000.00) payable to Port Health services in Nigeria.
    14. Nigerian Passport of the Deceased (in case passport is not available, the closest relative should send a notarized letter stating same).
    15. Self-Addressed return envelope

    Contact Us



    Visit Our Office

    Address: 4717, Zaid Bin Alkhattab STREET,MAZZEH, West Villas

    Phone: (+963) 6128923-6128924) Fax : (+963)6128925 Mobile :(+963)946444489

    Email: chancery@nigeriaembassydamascus.org visa@nigeriaembassydamascus.org

    Business Hours

    Sun. - Thur. 8:30am to 3:30pm

    Visa request submission 10:00 -12:00

    Visa collection 12:00 – 14:00

    Contact Us